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Contents List of Contributors VIII
Foreword XIII
Preface XIV

KEYNOTE LECTURE

Mushrooms, Cause and Cure 1
L.J.L.D VAN GRIENSVEN

Part I PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
Reactive Oxygen Species and the Strategy of Antioxidant Defence in Mushrooms 8
Recognition and Degradation of Insoluble Crystalline Cellulose by Polyporus arcularius 21
Antimicrobial Activities of Four Wild Mushroom Species Collected from Turkey 31
Degradation of Endosulfan by Pleurotus spp 36

Part II CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY
Double Cropping Agaricus bisporus by Re-supplementing and Re-casing Compost 48
Progress of Lentinula edodes Research in China 54
Mushroom Compost Production – A Review of Industry Quality Assurance Frameworks in Ireland 61
Effect of Aerobic Fermentation Substrate on Pleurotus ostreatus Production and Resistance to Trichoderma viride 74
Yield and Mushroom Solids of Agaricus bisporus as Influenced by Moisture Content of Substrates 83
Cultivation Technique using Plastic Container and Selection the Superior Strain of Monkey Mushroom (Hericium erinaceus) 91

Part III GENETICS AND BREEDING
Mushroom Breeding: Hurdles and Challenges 96
Molecular Genetics of the Mating System in the Bipolar Mushroom, Pholiota nameko 104
Outcrossing via the Buller phenomenon in a substrate simultaneously inoculated with spores and mycelium of Agaricus bisporus creates variability for agronomic traits 113

Part IV INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
Challenges Facing Mushroom Disease Control in the 21st Century 120
Spotting and Discoloration of the Cultivated Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus: Some Issues to Consider 128
Agaricus bisporus Infection by Verticillium fungicola and Incidence on Host Tissues Colonisation and Genes Expression 139
Immunological Detection of dsRNAs in Wild Agaricus Species and in Virus-infected Cultivated Champignon 148
Control of Yellow Rot on Reishi Mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum Karsten) Using a Shelf Cultivation and Modified Vinyl Cover Method 155
Biological Control Against Trichoderma Species in Agaricus Cultivation 158

Part V NUTRITIONAL & MEDICINAL ASPECTS
Factors Affecting Ergothioneine Content in Button Mushrooms 165
Mycotherapy - Treatment with Medicinal Mushrooms 171

Part VI SAFETY, QUALITY CONTROL AND REGULATIONAL ASPECTS
Molecular Modelling and Modification of Mushroom Senescence and Quality-loss 181
Safety, Quality Control and Regulational Aspects Relating to Mushroom Nutriceuticals 188

Part VII MUSHROOM RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Commercial Cultivation of Lyophyllum shimeji 197
Organic Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) Production, Quality Produce and Pesticide Residue Analysis 203
Organic Production of Oyster Mushroom in India 212

Part VIII ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS AND APPLICATIONS
Olive Mill Waste as a Substrate for the Cultivation of Pleurotus spp Mushrooms 220
Alternative Uses of Spent Mushroom Compost 231
Oyster Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P.Kumm. – Its Cultivation and Utilization in Slovak Forestry 246
Biotechnology to Grow Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms on Vine and Winery Wastes 255

Part IX MYCORRHIZAL MUSHROOMS AND MYCORRHIZATION
Problems and Perspectives in the Production of Tuber Infected Plants 263
Mycorrhizal Research Applied to Experiences in Plantations of Mycorrhizal Mushrooms, Especially in Central Europe 272
Occurrence of Ectomycorrhizal Mushrooms in Disturbed Forest Stands 287

Part X ECONOMICS AND MARKETING
The Development of Polish Mushroom Exports 298

INDEX 305

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS